The outdoor hut is one of the easiest types of shelters for survival that can be created while camping. The reason for this is that apart from a few simple tools you can take all building materials for survival from the surrounding area. Creating a rubble shelter is also something you can do in a relatively short time so that you can have a safe shelter if you unexpectedly have to set up a camp due to unfavourable weather conditions.
How to make a shelter for one person
To make an effective shelter as part of survival training, you will need to have a long, strong branch. Usually, if you create an outdoor shelter for one person, you will want to locate a piece of wood that is about 1.5 times your height. This allows sufficient coverage at both ends of the hut, but also makes it easier to enter and exit the shelter for survival than if you had made a cottage with rubble twice its length. You will also use your own body heat for heating, so the closer to the shelter to size, the better. You may be lucky in finding a fallen branch, but it is more likely that you will have to cut out the branch using a survival knife to create a main carrying beam for a shelter for survival.
Creating a stable foundation for a shelter
After you have collected the main branch, you will need to support it. Make sure that the branch is about two to three centimeters above the top of your head when you are sitting. You can support the branch between two trees or use natural formations such as rock outcrops. You want the branch to be protected so that you can support shorter branches, dead leaves, branches from evergreen trees and other insulating materials before and above it. Once the foundation is in place, real work can begin on building a shelter for survival in the open air. Use materials such as dead leaves, tree branches, grasses and ferns to create a thick cover for the rubble shelter. Ideally, you’d like to create a 3 foot covering with cross hatch pattern material to create a solid shelter that will prevent wind and rain from entering your space. Firm the last layer with a survival knife to cut out the evergreen branches to keep the debris in place.
Creating a floor and shelter door
To stay warm and dry, you will also need to create a floor for a shelter for survival. Typically pine and grasses form a good insulating floor, along with dried leaves and ferns. One foot deep layer of rubble will usually be enough, but you want to make sure that the material you use is dry, as body heat and tight shelter restrictions will not allow excessive air movement and drying. You will also need a door to shelter for survival. Both ends can be left open or closed with a cross-breeding of rubble. However, to really protect your environment you will want to use larger evergreen branches by cutting them with a survival knife so that they can be easily moved both to cover the opening in the shelter and to camouflage the entrance. Now you’re ready for any outdoor adventure!
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